|Gradual onset usually without any history of trauma
|Possible vertebral body malignant deposit / tumour or Tuberculosis or related pathologies
|Scan initial diagnosis, Biopsy for definition, internal stabilisation as appropriate, specific treatment of cancer or Tuberculosis.
|Gradual onset of sideways deformity or list.
|Degenerate scoliosis with lateral osteophytosis
|Removal of the impinging osteophytes endoscopically ± alignment correction & fusion,
|Onset over a few days / weeks without significant trauma
|Osteoporotic vertebral body fracture.
|Kyphoplasty / vertebroplasty.